OS Computer Settings!

 It's important that you know the extension of your photographs

Mac and Windows OS's by default hide the 3 letter file extension for all files... You need to know what they are as the extensions are part of the filename and is needed by ALL browsers so they knows what to do with the file... Here's how you set that up
On Windows XP
On Windows Vista
  • Go to My Computer and choose Organize > Folder and Search Options
  • Select the View tab and deselect "Hide extensions" for known file types
  • Press OK.
On Windows 7
  • Open an Explorer window and choose Organize > Folder and Search Options
  • Select the View tab -- and deselect the Hide extensions for known file types
  • Press OK.
To see the above with pictures and arrows go to Indezine.com

Making Extensions visible in OS X (Mac)

open the Finder, then choose
Finder > Preferences
Choose the Advanced Tab
Check the Show all file extensions box

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Photoshop/Photoshop Elements PREFERENCE Settings


Menu Item (PC)
Edit > Preferences, or
Keyboard Short Cut
Control K
Menu Item Mac
Photoshop > Preferences, or
Keyboard Short Cut
Command K

Some of the preferences you'll change to your own "tastes" as you become more familiar with the operation and workings within Photoshop!

Most of the Preference changes won't take effect until you quit Photoshop and restart it!

Color Management: Photoshop Elements (PSE)

PSE menu item:
Edit > Color Settings:
You'll see this, Choose "Always Optimize for Printing" PSEColorsettings

Always Optimize For Printing Uses Adobe RGB as the RGB working space; the Grayscale working space is Dot Gain 20%. This option preserves embedded profiles and assigns Adobe RGB when opening untagged files.

The Lightroom → Photoshop round trip

Edit in...


Sending a "Raw" file to Photoshop needs to be converted from the raw linear data into an RGB bitmapped file. You edit pixels in Photoshop.

You also need to make sure the Color Space in Photoshop matches what you see in Lightroom.

To Send your image(s) From Lightroom to Photoshop for editing!

Edit in Adobe Photoshop CC...

  • Open As Smart Object in Photoshop... When you need to do a Local Edit That cannot be done in Lightroom!
  • The Color Space Setup in

    Lightroom ------------------------------------------------→Photoshop

    LR-psprefs PS-prefs

    For more information about color management read this chapter from Martin Evening's Photoshop Book Adobe Photoshop CS5 for Photographers is published by Focal Press. ISBN: 0780240522005

    Tool Bar Setting

    The eye dropper --color sampler

    The eye dropper TOOL is found in the tool bar. Select it by clicking on it.

    Then in the eye dropper options bar. (If it is not visible) the menu item is:
    (Mac & PC) Windows > Options
    In the options bar click the check mark and choose 5 x 5 Average

    Camera Raw and Lightroom's color sampler uses a 5 x 5 sampled matrix.

    Setting Black, Mid-gray and White values for layers and curves

    In photoshop Elements

    Look Under the Enhance menu select Adjust Lighting > Levels

    In Photoshop

    The Menu is: Layer > New Adjustment Layer > Levels...
    Keyboard shortcut:
    PC it's Control L,
    Mac it's Command L.

    To set the black point double click the Black eye dropper

    then click okay To set the White Point

    double click the White Eye Dropper

    then click okay To set the Gray Point double click the Grey Eye Dropper

    then click okay

    Now click okay in the requester will pop up that asks if you want to "save the new target colors as defaults?"

    Click Yes

    Now were ready to Image Process IN PHOTOSHOP!

    Rule #4: Do not assume..that if the picture you are photographing doesn't turn out, you can fix it in Photoshop,  ImageFX  or some other image processing software. You will be sorely disappointed! Remember, with a digital camera, you don't use film... you can shoot until you run out of storage memory and you can always delete (heaven forbid)  failed pictures.

    Always remember this Absolute Rule:  Do Not, not ever,  Throw Away Data!

    Level Controls
    You can use "Levels" to adjust color tone The test picture was shot in Guadalajara, Mexico on a dark sunless street, right around sunset, using a Nikkormat FT2 with a Vivitar f/2.8 28 90mm lens on KodaChrome 64 slide film.

    Ugh, it's way dark...The fix is to work with the mid grays. this is done using the "Levels" function and the sliders under the histogram's bell curve.

    Here's what the controls do in The "Levels" Dialogue box

    Levels Dialogue

    Don't forget to flatten and save the "enhanced" picture.

    For an excellent getting up to speed tutorial on using PhotoShop go here... http://luminous-landscape.com/tutorials/instant_photoshop.shtml

    Here's the details about the curves Dialogue box...
    Same Photo, Old Lady in Mexico, using in the Curves dialogue


    How it works...

    A tutorial for fixing Under and over exposed photos

    Overexposed Instructions