Photoshop/Photoshop Elements PREFERENCE Settings
Menu Item (PC)
Edit > Preferences, or
Keyboard Short Cut
Menu Item Mac
Photoshop > Preferences, or
Keyboard Short Cut
Some of the preferences you'll change to your own "tastes" as you become more familiar with the operation and workings within Photoshop!
- General ---> No Changes
- You might want to make the fonts in the UI (User Interface) Larger! In the Dialogue Box UI Text Options: UI Font Size: Choices are Small, Medium or Large.
- File Handling
- Bottom of the page, Change recent File List Contains: Change from 10 to say "30" files
- Memory Usage ---> only change if you have 8 gigs of memory... or more…
- History & Cache
- History States ---> Increase to 80? If Photoshop runs slowly, then decrease this number. Default is 20
- Cache Levels ---> Lot's of Memory? Change to 8
- Cache Tile Size ---> Increase size if you are processing "large" photographs!
- Scratch Disk
- Use an internal drive separate from your boot drive.
- If you use a detachable external drive set the internal (boot) drive as the second choice. Use the arrows to change scratch disk order and priority.
- GPU Settings
- If you don't have a graphics card some features will go "Missing" in Photoshop.
- This is one area where a good graphics card will vastly improve Photoshops performance.
- Cursors ---> No Change
- Transparency & Gamut ---> No Change
- Units and Rulers
- Units ---> I prefer "pixels"
- Guides, Grid a& Slices --> No Changes
- If you have lots of "Plugins" Installing them in a separate folder make upgrading to a new version of Photoshop easier.
- Change Font Preview Size: To "HUGE"
- While on the "Type" page press the "Next" Button
- A Screen for 3-D settings will pop up --->No Changes here.
Most of the Preference changes won't take effect until you quit Photoshop and restart it!
Color Management: Photoshop Elements (PSE)
PSE menu item:
Edit > Color Settings:
You'll see this, Choose "Always Optimize for Printing"
Always Optimize For Printing Uses Adobe RGB as the RGB working space; the Grayscale working space is Dot Gain 20%. This option preserves embedded profiles and assigns Adobe RGB when opening untagged files.
The Lightroom → Photoshop round trip
Sending a "Raw" file to Photoshop needs to be converted from the raw linear data into an RGB bitmapped file. You edit pixels in Photoshop.
You also need to make sure the Color Space in Photoshop matches what you see in Lightroom.
To Send your image(s) From Lightroom to Photoshop for editing!
Edit in Adobe Photoshop CC...
- To edit as RGB bitmap
- Single image -- Detailed retouching
- Example: Edit as a Smart Object in Photoshop
- Compositing different selections from the same image
- To Preserve Raw data for future edits
- You can NOW do these in Lightroom!
- Merge to Panorama in Photoshop...
- Use Photoshops Panorama stitcher (vertical or horizontal)
- In the Panorama Dialogue, if the Horizon is flat, choose the Cylindrical Option.
- Merge to HDR...
- Right Click on the thumbnail choose Edit in > Merge to HDR in Photoshop...
- Lightroom now has a 32 bit pipeline in the Develop Module.
- Use Photoshop to composite the bracketed exposures
- In Photoshop choose the 32 bit file, but DO NOT PROCESS in Photoshop
- Save the file back to Lightroom as a 32bit TIFF file
- Edit in the Develop Module
- Should yield a better looking more realistic HDR'd image!
- Open as Layers in Photoshop...
- Compositing or aligning multiple layers
- A real huge time saver
The Color Space Setup in
For more information about color management read this chapter from Martin Evening's Photoshop Book Adobe Photoshop CS5 for Photographers is published by Focal Press. ISBN: 0780240522005
Tool Bar Setting
The eye dropper --color sampler
The eye dropper TOOL is found in the tool bar. Select it by clicking on it.
Then in the eye dropper options bar. (If it is not visible) the menu item is:
(Mac & PC) Windows > Options
In the options bar click the check mark and choose 5 x 5 Average
Camera Raw and Lightroom's color sampler uses a 5 x 5 sampled matrix.
Setting Black, Mid-gray and White values for layers and curves
In photoshop Elements
Look Under the Enhance menu select Adjust Lighting > Levels
In PhotoshopThe Menu is: Layer > New Adjustment Layer > Levels...
PC it's Control L,
Mac it's Command L.
To set the black point double click the Black eye dropper
- R setting to 10
- G setting to 10
- B setting to 10
then click okay To set the White Point
double click the White Eye Dropper
- R setting to 240
- G setting to 240
- B setting to 240
then click okay To set the Gray Point double click the Grey Eye Dropper
- R setting to 133
- G setting to 133
- B setting to 133
then click okay
Now click okay in the requester will pop up that asks if you want to "save the new target colors as defaults?"
Now were ready to Image Process IN PHOTOSHOP!
Rule #4: Do not
assume..that if the picture you are photographing doesn't turn out, you
can fix it in Photoshop, ImageFX or some other
image processing software. You will be sorely disappointed! Remember,
with a digital camera, you don't use film... you can shoot until you
run out of storage memory and you can always delete (heaven
forbid) failed pictures.
Always remember this Absolute Rule: Do Not, not ever, Throw Away Data!
- Use contrast and brightness controls carefully and sparingly as these tools changes whole pixel values... you actually wind up throwing away information when you save the result. In other words, the data you changed using contrast and brightness is a one way street...there is no way to get back to the original data set.
- Use and exaggerate color balance controls: R, G, B, or Hue / Saturation, or CYMK
- These functions control or manipulate data in the colour look up table, only changing their values not not throwing them away. You can reset or revert the "color look up data" back to its original state, even after you have saved the changes.
- Do Not Throw Away Data
- Never change image resolution.
- Yep, you got it, Do Not Throw Away Data.
You can use "Levels" to adjust color tone The test picture was shot in Guadalajara, Mexico on a dark sunless street, right around sunset, using a Nikkormat FT2 with a Vivitar f/2.8 28 90mm lens on KodaChrome 64 slide film.
Ugh, it's way dark...The fix is to work with the mid grays. this is done using the "Levels" function and the sliders under the histogram's bell curve.
Here's what the controls do in The "Levels" Dialogue box
Don't forget to flatten and save the "enhanced" picture.
For an excellent getting up to speed tutorial on using PhotoShop go here... http://luminous-landscape.com/tutorials/instant_photoshop.shtml
Here's the details about the curves Dialogue box...
LayersHow it works...
A tutorial for fixing Under and over exposed photos